Economy of Vietnam

Imports
Imports commoditiesmachinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles
Import partnersChina 25.8%, South Korea 13.9%, Japan 10.4%, Singapore 6%, Thailand 5.2%, US 4.3% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiesclothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery
Export partnersUS 17.8%, Japan 11.8%, China 11.2%, South Korea 5%, Malaysia 4.1% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productspaddy rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood
Industrial productsfood processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones
Economy
Unemployment1.30 % (2013)3.20 % (2012)3.60 % (2011)
Unemployment of Vietnam
GDP - Official Exchange Rate170 Billion $ (2013)154 Billion $ (2012)136 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Vietnam
GDP growth rate5.30 % (2013)5.20 % (2012)5.90 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of Vietnam
GDP per Capita (PPP)4,000 $ (2013)3,800 $ (2012)3,400 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Vietnam
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity359 Billion $ (2013)336 Billion $ (2012)305 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Vietnam
GDP PPP per land area1.08 Million $ per square kilometer (2013)1.02 Million $ per square kilometer (2012)921 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of Vietnam
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate9.00 % (2012)13.0 % (2011)7.00 % (2010)
Central bank discount rate of Vietnam
Commercial bank prime lending rate10.5 % (2013)13.5 % (2012)17.0 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Vietnam
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP19.3 % (2013)19.7 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP38.5 % (2013)38.6 % (2012)
Services % of GDP42.2 % (2013)41.7 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals6.85 Million (2012)6.01 Million (2011)5.05 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Vietnam
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio7.48 % (2012)6.64 % (2011)5.81 % (2010)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Vietnam
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)48.2 % of GDP (2013)48.1 % of GDP (2012)48.3 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Vietnam
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)5.82 % of GDP (2012)0.17 % of GDP (2011)-3.69 % of GDP (2010)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of Vietnam
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)44.1 % of GNI (2012)45.1 % of GNI (2011)44.0 % of GNI (2010)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Vietnam
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)16.7 % of total external debt (2012)18.8 % of total external debt (2011)15.5 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Vietnam
Current Account Balance (Total)8.16 Billion $ (2013)9.06 Billion $ (2012)236 Million $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Vietnam
External Debt (Total)68.4 Billion $ (2013)64.0 Billion $ (2012)39.6 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Vietnam
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)40.2 % of GDP (2013)41.7 % of GDP (2012)29.2 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Vietnam
External Debt per Capita739 $ (2013)699 $ (2012)438 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Vietnam