Economy of Syrian Arab Republic

Imports
Imports commoditiesmachinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper
Import partnersSaudi Arabia 22.8%, UAE 11.2%, Iran 8.3%, China 7.3%, Iraq 6.8% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiescrude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Export partnersIraq 58.4%, Saudi Arabia 9.7%, Kuwait 6.4%, UAE 5.5%, Libya 4.1% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productswheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets; beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Industrial productspetroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, car assembly
Economy
Unemployment17.8 % (2013)18.0 % (2012)14.9 % (2011)
Unemployment of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP - Official Exchange Rate64.7 Billion $ (2011)59.3 Billion $ (2010)55.0 Billion $ (2008)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP growth rate0.00 % (2012)-2.30 % (2011)3.40 % (2010)
GDP growth rate of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP per Capita (PPP)5,100 $ (2011)5,100 $ (2010)5,200 $ (2009)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity108 Billion $ (2011)110 Billion $ (2010)107 Billion $ (2009)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP PPP per land area581 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)595 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2010)575 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2009)
GDP PPP per land area of Syrian Arab Republic
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate0.75 % (2013)0.75 % (2012)5.00 % (2011)
Central bank discount rate of Syrian Arab Republic
Commercial bank prime lending rate10.5 % (2013)11.7 % (2012)10.5 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Syrian Arab Republic
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP17.6 % (2013)16.5 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP22.2 % (2013)22.8 % (2012)
Services % of GDP60.2 % (2013)60.7 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals5.07 Million (2011)8.55 Million (2010)6.09 Million (2009)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Syrian Arab Republic
International tourism, number of departures6.26 Million (2010)5.22 Million (2009)5.25 Million (2008)
International tourism, number of departures of Syrian Arab Republic
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio23.1 % (2011)38.0 % (2010)29.0 % (2009)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Syrian Arab Republic
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)58.9 % of GDP (2013)52.4 % of GDP (2012)35.2 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Syrian Arab Republic
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)1.14 % of GDP (2007)2.76 % of GDP (2006)1.04 % of GDP (2005)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of Syrian Arab Republic
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)6.72 % of GNI (2012)9.19 % of GNI (2010)10.7 % of GNI (2009)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Syrian Arab Republic
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)7.58 % of total external debt (2012)10.9 % of total external debt (2011)10.6 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Syrian Arab Republic
Current Account Balance (Total)-5.88 Billion $ (2013)-6.71 Billion $ (2012)-7.73 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Syrian Arab Republic
External Debt (Total)9.80 Billion $ (2013)8.39 Billion $ (2012)8.20 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Syrian Arab Republic
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)15.1 % of GDP (2013)13.0 % of GDP (2012)12.7 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Syrian Arab Republic
External Debt per Capita436 $ (2013)468 $ (2012)373 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Syrian Arab Republic