Economy of South Africa

Imports
Imports commoditiesmachinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs
Import partnersChina 14.4%, Germany 10.1%, Saudi Arabia 7.7%, US 7.4%, Japan 4.6%, India 4.5% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiesgold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment
Export partnersChina 11.8%, US 8.3%, Japan 6%, Germany 5.7%, India 4.2% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productscorn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products
Industrial productsmining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair
Economy
Unemployment24.9 % (2013)25.1 % (2012)24.9 % (2011)
Unemployment of South Africa
GDP - Official Exchange Rate354 Billion $ (2013)379 Billion $ (2012)404 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of South Africa
GDP growth rate2.00 % (2013)2.50 % (2012)3.10 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of South Africa
GDP per Capita (PPP)11,500 $ (2013)11,300 $ (2012)11,100 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of South Africa
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity596 Billion $ (2013)576 Billion $ (2012)564 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of South Africa
GDP PPP per land area489 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2013)473 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2012)463 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of South Africa
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate5.00 % (2012)7.00 % (2009)11.5 % (2008)
Central bank discount rate of South Africa
Commercial bank prime lending rate8.50 % (2013)8.75 % (2012)9.00 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of South Africa
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP2.60 % (2013)2.60 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP29.0 % (2013)28.4 % (2012)
Services % of GDP68.4 % (2013)69.0 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals9.19 Million (2012)8.34 Million (2011)8.07 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of arrivals of South Africa
International tourism, number of departures5.03 Million (2012)5.46 Million (2011)5.17 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of departures of South Africa
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio17.6 % (2012)17.0 % (2011)15.9 % (2010)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of South Africa
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)45.4 % of GDP (2013)42.3 % of GDP (2012)38.6 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of South Africa
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)-5.24 % of GDP (2012)-2.35 % of GDP (2011)-1.92 % of GDP (2010)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of South Africa
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)36.6 % of GNI (2012)29.3 % of GNI (2011)28.7 % of GNI (2010)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of South Africa
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)20.3 % of total external debt (2012)17.8 % of total external debt (2011)21.2 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of South Africa
Current Account Balance (Total)-23.78 Billion $ (2013)-24.07 Billion $ (2012)-13.68 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of South Africa
External Debt (Total)139 Billion $ (2013)130 Billion $ (2012)47.5 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of South Africa
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)39.3 % of GDP (2013)34.4 % of GDP (2012)11.8 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of South Africa
External Debt per Capita2,624 $ (2013)2,495 $ (2012)969 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of South Africa