Economy of Romania

Imports
Imports commoditiesmachinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels and minerals, metals, textile and products, agricultural products
Import partnersGermany 17.5%, Italy 11%, Hungary 9.1%, France 5.7%, Russia 4.4%, Poland 4.3%, Austria 4.2%, Kazakhstan 4.1% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiesmachinery and equipment, metals and metal products, textiles and footwear, chemicals, agricultural products, minerals and fuels
Export partnersGermany 18.9%, Italy 12.3%, France 7.1%, Turkey 5.5%, Hungary 5.5% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productswheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep
Industrial productselectric machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
Economy
Unemployment Rate (not seasonally adjusted)7.10 % (2013-11)7.20 % (2013-10)7.00 % (2013-09)7.10 % (2013-08)6.90 % (2013-07)7.80 % (2013-06)
Unemployment Rate (not seasonally adjusted) of Romania
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted)7.30 % (2014-05)7.10 % (2014-04)7.20 % (2014-03)7.20 % (2014-02)7.30 % (2014-01)7.30 % (2013-12)7.40 % (2013-11)7.40 % (2013-10)7.30 % (2013-09)7.30 % (2013-08)7.30 % (2013-07)7.40 % (2013-06)
Unemployment Rate (seasonally adjusted) of Romania
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold48.8 Billion $ (2013)46.7 Billion $ (2012)48.1 Billion $ (2011)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold of Romania
Harmonized Indices of Consumer Prices1.30 Percentage change m/m-12 (2014-05)1.60 Percentage change m/m-12 (2014-04)1.30 Percentage change m/m-12 (2014-03)1.30 Percentage change m/m-12 (2014-02)1.20 Percentage change m/m-12 (2014-01)1.30 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-12)1.30 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-11)1.20 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-10)1.10 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-09)2.60 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-08)3.40 Percentage change m/m-12 (2013-07)
Harmonized Indices of Consumer Prices of Romania
Inflation3.20 % (2013)3.30 % (2012)5.80 % (2011)
Inflation of Romania
Unemployment7.30 % (2013)5.60 % (2012)5.10 % (2011)
Unemployment of Romania
GDP - Official Exchange Rate189 Billion $ (2013)167 Billion $ (2012)183 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Romania
GDP growth rate3.50 % (2013)0.70 % (2012)2.50 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of Romania
GDP per Capita (PPP)14,400 $ (2013)12,700 $ (2012)12,700 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Romania
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity289 Billion $ (2013)271 Billion $ (2012)272 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Romania
GDP PPP per land area1.21 Million $ per square kilometer (2013)1.14 Million $ per square kilometer (2012)1.14 Million $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of Romania
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate4.00 % (2013)5.25 % (2012)5.75 % (2011)
Central bank discount rate of Romania
Commercial bank prime lending rate0.00 % (2013)11.3 % (2012)12.1 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Romania
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP6.40 % (2013)10.3 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP34.2 % (2013)35.0 % (2012)
Services % of GDP59.4 % (2013)54.9 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals7.94 Million (2012)7.61 Million (2011)7.50 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Romania
International tourism, number of departures11.1 Million (2012)10.9 Million (2011)10.9 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of departures of Romania
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio36.3 % (2012)34.7 % (2011)37.0 % (2010)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Romania
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)38.6 % of GDP (2013)37.2 % of GDP (2012)33.4 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Romania
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)-4.42 % of GDP (2012)-4.56 % of GDP (2011)-4.40 % of GDP (2010)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of Romania
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)78.9 % of GNI (2012)69.3 % of GNI (2011)76.5 % of GNI (2010)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Romania
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)20.5 % of total external debt (2012)22.9 % of total external debt (2011)21.0 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Romania
Current Account Balance (Total)-1.99 Billion $ (2013)-6.35 Billion $ (2012)-8.11 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Romania
External Debt (Total)132 Billion $ (2013)129 Billion $ (2012)128 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Romania
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)69.7 % of GDP (2013)77.4 % of GDP (2012)70.0 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Romania
External Debt per Capita6,039 $ (2013)5,918 $ (2012)5,839 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Romania