Economy of Peru

Imports
Imports commoditiespetroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, plastics, machinery, vehicles, color TV sets, power shovels, front-end loaders, telephones and telecommunication equipment, iron and steel, wheat, corn, soybean products, paper, cotton, vaccines and medicines
Import partnersUS 24.6%, China 14%, Brazil 6.4%, Argentina 5%, Chile 4.8%, Colombia 4.2%, Ecuador 4.1%, Mexico 4% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiescopper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys
Export partnersChina 19.9%, US 15.7%, Canada 9.5%, Japan 6.6%, Spain 5.2%, Chile 4.9% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productsasparagus, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, palm oil, marigold, onion, wheat, dry beans; poultry, beef, pork, dairy products; guinea pigs; fish
Industrial productsmining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture
Economy
Unemployment3.60 % (2012)7.90 % (2011)6.60 % (2010)
Unemployment of Peru
GDP - Official Exchange Rate210 Billion $ (2013)196 Billion $ (2012)171 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Peru
GDP growth rate5.10 % (2013)6.30 % (2012)6.90 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of Peru
GDP per Capita (PPP)11,100 $ (2013)10,600 $ (2012)10,200 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Peru
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity344 Billion $ (2013)323 Billion $ (2012)307 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Peru
GDP PPP per land area268 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2013)251 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2012)239 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of Peru
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate5.05 % (2012)5.05 % (2011)3.80 % (2010)
Central bank discount rate of Peru
Commercial bank prime lending rate20.3 % (2013)19.2 % (2012)18.7 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Peru
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP6.20 % (2013)6.30 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP37.5 % (2013)37.6 % (2012)
Services % of GDP56.3 % (2013)56.1 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals2.85 Million (2012)2.60 Million (2011)2.30 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Peru
International tourism, number of departures2.30 Million (2012)2.13 Million (2011)2.06 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of departures of Peru
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio9.63 % (2012)8.88 % (2011)7.86 % (2010)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Peru
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)14.9 % of GDP (2013)16.6 % of GDP (2012)19.9 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Peru
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)-3.55 % of GDP (2012)-1.96 % of GDP (2011)-2.55 % of GDP (2010)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of Peru
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)29.4 % of GNI (2012)27.6 % of GNI (2011)29.6 % of GNI (2010)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Peru
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)15.8 % of total external debt (2012)14.1 % of total external debt (2011)15.2 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Peru
Current Account Balance (Total)-10.31 Billion $ (2013)-7.14 Billion $ (2012)-2.27 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Peru
External Debt (Total)50.2 Billion $ (2013)50.5 Billion $ (2012)37.4 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Peru
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)23.8 % of GDP (2013)25.7 % of GDP (2012)21.9 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Peru
External Debt per Capita1,680 $ (2013)1,708 $ (2012)1,278 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Peru