Economy of Iran

Imports
Imports commoditiesindustrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods, technical services
Import partnersUAE 33.2%, China 13.8%, Turkey 11.8%, South Korea 7.4% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiespetroleum 80%, chemical and petrochemical products, fruits and nuts, carpets
Export partnersChina 22.1%, India 11.9%, Turkey 10.6%, South Korea 7.6%, Japan 7.1% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productswheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugarcane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar
Industrial productspetroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments
Economy
Unemployment16.0 % (2013)15.5 % (2012)15.3 % (2011)
Unemployment of Iran
GDP - Official Exchange Rate412 Billion $ (2013)541 Billion $ (2012)528 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Iran
GDP growth rate-1.50 % (2013)-1.90 % (2012)2.00 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of Iran
GDP per Capita (PPP)12,800 $ (2013)13,000 $ (2012)13,400 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Iran
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity987 Billion $ (2013)988 Billion $ (2012)1.01 Trillion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Iran
GDP PPP per land area599 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2013)600 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2012)611 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of Iran
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate0.00 % (2009)0.00 % (2008)
Commercial bank prime lending rate12.0 % (2013)11.0 % (2012)12.5 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Iran
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP10.6 % (2013)9.80 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP44.9 % (2013)46.2 % (2012)
Services % of GDP44.5 % (2013)44.1 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals3.83 Million (2012)3.35 Million (2011)2.94 Million (2010)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Iran
International tourism, number of departures2.92 Million (2002)2.40 Million (2001)2.29 Million (2000)
International tourism, number of departures of Iran
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio4.86 % (2012)4.31 % (2011)3.95 % (2010)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Iran
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)18.7 % of GDP (2013)18.4 % of GDP (2012)18.2 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Iran
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)5.55 % of GNI (2009)4.68 % of GNI (2008)7.58 % of GNI (2007)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Iran
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)46.5 % of total external debt (2012)54.7 % of total external debt (2011)58.0 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Iran
Current Account Balance (Total)-8.66 Billion $ (2013)-9.31 Billion $ (2012)26.2 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Iran
External Debt (Total)15.6 Billion $ (2013)14.8 Billion $ (2012)17.9 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Iran
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)3.80 % of GDP (2013)2.74 % of GDP (2012)3.39 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Iran
External Debt per Capita196 $ (2013)188 $ (2012)230 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Iran