Economy of Ghana

Imports
Imports commoditiescapital equipment, petroleum, foodstuffs
Import partnersChina 25.6%, Nigeria 11%, US 7%, Netherlands 6.2%, Singapore 4.5%, UK 4.1%, India 4% (2012)
Exports
Exports commoditiesoil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
Export partnersFrance 13.6%, Italy 12.4%, Netherlands 8.9%, China 7.4%, Germany 4.3% (2012)
Economy sectors
Agriculture productscocoa, rice, cassava (manioc), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Industrial productsmining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Economy
Unemployment3.60 % (2012)3.50 % (2011)3.60 % (2010)
Unemployment of Ghana
GDP - Official Exchange Rate45.6 Billion $ (2013)39.9 Billion $ (2012)39.6 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Official Exchange Rate of Ghana
GDP growth rate7.90 % (2013)7.90 % (2012)14.4 % (2011)
GDP growth rate of Ghana
GDP per Capita (PPP)3,500 $ (2013)3,300 $ (2012)3,200 $ (2011)
GDP per Capita (PPP) of Ghana
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity90.4 Billion $ (2013)82.7 Billion $ (2012)76.9 Billion $ (2011)
GDP - Purchasing Power Parity of Ghana
GDP PPP per land area379 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2013)346 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2012)322 Thousand $ per square kilometer (2011)
GDP PPP per land area of Ghana
ElectricityBanking
Central bank discount rate18.0 % (2009)17.0 % (2008)13.5 % (2007)
Central bank discount rate of Ghana
Commercial bank prime lending rate27.0 % (2013)22.8 % (2012)18.2 % (2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate of Ghana
GDP decomposition by sector
Agriculture % of GDP21.5 % (2013)22.7 % (2012)
Industry % of GDP28.7 % (2013)27.3 % (2012)
Services % of GDP49.8 % (2013)50.0 % (2012)
Tourism
International tourism, number of arrivals931 Thousand (2010)803 Thousand (2009)698 Thousand (2008)
International tourism, number of arrivals of Ghana
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio3.84 % (2010)3.39 % (2009)3.02 % (2008)
Yearly Tourist arrivals to residents ratio of Ghana
Debt, Current Account Balance and Budget Deficit
Public debt (Percentage of GDP)53.1 % of GDP (2013)50.0 % of GDP (2012)38.2 % of GDP (2011)
Public debt (Percentage of GDP) of Ghana
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP)-11.45 % of GDP (2012)-8.86 % of GDP (2011)-8.54 % of GDP (2010)
Current Account Balance (Percentage of GDP) of Ghana
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI)32.2 % of GNI (2012)29.8 % of GNI (2011)29.3 % of GNI (2010)
External Debt Stocks (Percentage of GNI) of Ghana
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt)20.7 % of total external debt (2012)24.7 % of total external debt (2011)24.3 % of total external debt (2010)
Short-term debt (percentage of total external debt) of Ghana
Current Account Balance (Total)-5.15 Billion $ (2013)-4.78 Billion $ (2012)-3.68 Billion $ (2011)
Current Account Balance (Total) of Ghana
External Debt (Total)14.7 Billion $ (2013)12.6 Billion $ (2012)9.71 Billion $ (2011)
External Debt (Total) of Ghana
External Debt (Percentage of GDP)32.2 % of GDP (2013)31.7 % of GDP (2012)24.5 % of GDP (2011)
External Debt (Percentage of GDP) of Ghana
External Debt per Capita567 $ (2013)498 $ (2012)392 $ (2011)
External Debt per Capita of Ghana